Glycolic Acid, Microdermabrasion  
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Category: Skin Care

May 29 2011

Kojic Acid and Skin Lightening

Since its discovery by the Japanese twenty years ago, kojic acid products have taken the skin care industry by storm. It’s an alternative that’s natural yet still very effective.

This mushroom extract is an extremely popular skin lightening treatment. Many use it for overall skin whitening for pigmentation problems, including as an age spot and freckle remover. Today it is used in a wide array of products, including kojic acid lotion, cream, and soap.

But before we discuss the products, you should first learn a little bit about the history of this ingredient. Kojic acid comes from a type of fungi (mushrooms) and can be harvested from numerous species. It can also be derived from plant sources too, such as the case during rice fermentation. Originally discovered in Japan in the 1990′s, It has many uses, so many that it not only doubles as an ingredient in beauty products, but it is also used in Japanese cuisine. Many people use this product for skin bleaching of freckles, treatment for age spots, or a skin disorder called melasma. Dealing with various types of problems can have an effect on a person’s self esteem so it is no surprise that people do whatever they can to find ways to diminish or cure these flaws.

Is it safe?
There have been many claims in regards to this compound being a safe product to use on the skin. It has been said that although it does not appear to have carcinogens, which are known to cause cancer, it does seem to have an adverse effect on a number of peoples skin who had used it regularly and for an extended period of time; skin sensitivity, which can ultimately lead to a skin condition called allergic contact dermatitis. In order to counter this side effect, researchers found that by adding another ingredient called hydroquinone helps.

How is it used?
Kojic acid products are most often applied to the skin topically, in the form of a cream, lotion, or serum. The usual recommended dosage of kojic acid is relatively small. Of course, one must also take into consideration how this skin lightening treatment will react with their individual body. Those who experience sensitivity may need to apply it less frequently and re-evaluate their usage.

Our Unique, highly effective formula is light weight, oil free, non-greasy and for any skin type. Contains 3% Kojic Acid, 2% Hydroquinone, and Glycolic acid. Whether you have dark spots, dark shading, or discolorations on your face, body, hands, or arms from sun damage, old acne, or use of medications. Skin Rx Skin Lightening Gel is a highly effective solution that will eliminate the skin discolorations that are so difficult to get rid of!

Active Ingredient: Hydroquinone<br />Ingredients: Deionized Water, SD Alcohol 40, Propylene Glycol, Kojic Acid, Hydroquinone, Hydroxyethylcellulose

Mar 04 2010

QUESTION: Microdermabrasion vs Glycolic Peel

If you’re interested in rejuvenating your skin, you might be wondering about the differences between microdermabrasion and glycolic peels.  Both treatments will resurface and exfoliate the skin by removing the superficial outer layer.  However, microdermabrasion and glycolic peels involve a different means of attaining the desired results and are recommended for different skin types and conditions.

What is microdermabrasion?  This treatment involves spraying fine crystals onto the surface of the skin in order to remove the outermost dead skin cells.  Microdermabrasion aims to improve superficial skin imperfections. This includes age spots, fine lines, mild acne scars, sun damage, and fine wrinkling around the eyes, mild acne scars, age spots or sun spots, enlarged or visible pores, and fine lines.  Because microdermabrasion is a simple resurfacing of the top layer of the skin, it is not recommended for deep wrinkles, moderate to severe scars, or pigmentary problems.  Microdermabrasion treatment offers an added benefit in that it stimulates collagen and elastin production in the skin, creating a more vibrant appearance.

For clients in search of a simple skin-rejuvenating procedure with few side effects and minimal recovery time, microdermabrasion may be an ideal choice.  Because surface skin cells are removed during the treatment, there is no peeling afterwards, and recovery time is minimal.  However, clients with more prominent skin imperfections may wish to consider a glycolic peel.

A glycolic peel is a mild and effective skin peel that uses AHA (alpha-hydroxy acid).  The treatment involves applying a glycolic acid solution to the skin.  Glycolic acid breaks up the surface skin cells to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin, uncovering newer skin cells over time.  A glycolic peel will address deeper skin conditions, such as acne, sun damage and wrinkling.  Glycolic peels offer the advantage of penetrating into the pores to dissolve acne plugs, and glycolic acid is able to both draw out old skin and draw moisturizers into the skin.  Recovery time is generally minimal.

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home

How do the treatment processes differ?  Microdermabrasion is painless and relatively quick –a facial treatment usually lasts about 30 minutes.  Microdermabrasion does require several treatments to achieve the desired appearance – 10-12 treatments may be necessary, along with sessions every six to eight weeks to maintain results.  A glycolic peel usually takes 10-15 minutes for the peel itself, depending on the strength of the solution and the skin’s level of adaptation to the treatment.  A series of treatments is recommended for optimal results, and treatments are delivered three to four weeks apart.

Check out Skin Rx Clinic’s comprehensive offerings of glycolic peel options and microdermabrasion kits for home use.

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home
Feb 16 2010

Salicylic Acid: A Long-Lasting Treatment for Keratosis Pilaris

Keratosis Pilaris – a long name for a very common skin condition. Keratosis Pilaris, or “KP”, is characterized by a rash with hard tiny plugs forming in the hair follicles. These plugs are made of keratin, a protein which is found in the outer layer of the skin. Because the follicles are plugged up, the skin appears raised and bumpy. Many people who suffer from Keratosis Pilaris do not even know what it is or that it can be treated.

There is no cure for Keratosis Pilaris on the market but there are products which effectively treat the symptoms associated with KP to smooth out the skin. AHA’s such as salicylic acid for example, in combination with an intense moisturizer, work very well for those who suffer with this skin condition.

chemical home skin peels at home

Salicylic acid is classified with a grouping of medicines referred to as “keratolytics”. Salicylic acid can be used to treat certain skin conditions in which the skin has become thickened, scaly or flaky. The properties in salicylic acid work to soften keratin, which is what plugs up the hair follicles on people who suffer from Keratosis Pilaris. Salicylic acid works to loosen the plugged keratin to make it easier to remove. When salicylic acid is used in combination with an intense moisturizer, it peels away the outer layer of skin to soften and smooth out the area. In Keratosis Pilaris, the routine use of salicylic acid helps to prevent the follicles from clogging in the first place. Strengths of salicylic acid products range from 0.5% to 30% so depending on the severity of the KP on a given individual, the concentration will need to be adjusted.

If you are plagued with Keratosis Pilaris and you are self-conscious about your skin’s bumpy appearance, start out with a low concentration of 3% salicylic acid strength to see how well it improves and smoothes out your skin’s texture. If you tolerate it well and would like to see more significant results, try a higher strength of 8% salicylic acid or 15% salicylic acid. Be sure to use salicylic only as directed on the package and do not leave it on longer than specified for best results.

Feb 16 2010

Mineral Makeup: The Best Anti-Aging Makeup

When people think of the words “anti aging” more than likely the first thought that comes to mind in terms of skin care products is anti-wrinkle cream. And while anti-aging creams and serums are great for preventing or erasing fine lines and wrinkles, there are also mineral based makeup products which are great for aging skin as well. Mineral makeup products are very kind to the skin because they are more pure than other makeup brands and do not contain irritants such as dyes, fragrances and binders so they are not as harsh in nature.

As far as anti-aging properties, mineral makeup products from Skin Rx contain an ingredient called Palmarosa. Derived from the Palmarosa Plant, which is somewhat grass-like in appearance. It is known to moisturize the skin and to help stimulate cell regeneration. Natural mineral makeup also contains zinc oxide and titanium dioxide which work as a natural sunscreen to help prevent further sun damage and premature aging of the skin. While one should still apply a quality sunscreen with at least an SPF 30 anytime they expect to be exposed to the sun, these two ingredients do work to protect the skin better than if no sunscreen were used at all.

As our skin ages, it becomes more fragile and loses much of the hydration it had in your youth. When skin is young, it can soak up and store moisture almost effortlessly and that is part of what gives off the youthful glow. Aging causes the skin’s elasticity to degenerate which leaves your face, and other parts of your body, feeling drier and less supple than in your more youthful years. An anti-aging skin care routine should include high quality skin care products that are specially formulated for maturing skin. Cleansers, moisturizers, exfoliation products, and even anti-aging makeup should be a part of your daily aging skin care regime.

Feb 16 2010

Professional Skin Care Products Used by Estheticians

If you are taking your skin care into your own hands as opposed to visiting an esthetician on a regular basis, it is important to use quality skin care products and treatments. This means foregoing the cheaper (and often ineffective) commercial products that you will find in any drugstore. In order to be effective, certain treatments given by estheticians do require professional skin care products including chemical peels, microdermabrasion treatments, and a plethora of various professional facial treatments. This is not to say that professional skincare products are out of reach to the home user.

Jessner’s Chemical Peel

A Jessner’s Peel is a medium depth peel, stronger than other chemical peels on the market, which is often performed by an esthetician. With professional skincare products however, a Jessner’s chemical peel can be done by the individual home user. Because of the unique combination of quality grade ingredients, a Jessner’s peel can improve the appearance of extensive skin damage from aging and sun damage in comparison to the results one would see with lactic acid or glycolic acid peels.

chemical home skin peels at home

Microdermabrasion Treatments

Professional microdermabrasion treatments performed by an esthetician use a special machine which delivers a spray of aluminum oxide crystals onto the skin. The dead skin cells are then removed and immediately sucked away with a vacuum tool. Home microdermabrasion kits are now available but it is important to select a kit which will provide professional results such as Skin Rx’s Microdermabrasion Peel Kit #1 which includes everything you need to complete a series of professional microdermabrasion treatments in the comfort of your own home.

Professional Facial Treatments

Various professional skincare treatments performed by an esthetician include glycolic acid peels, lactic acid peels, and other anti-aging treatments. AHA chemical peels which contain glycolic acid or lactic acid can also be performed at home with similar results as long as the products you use contain professional grade ingredients. Skin Rx recommends starting with the Glycolic Peel Kit #1 or a 30% Lactic Acid Peel.

To ensure a safe and professional skincare experience, be sure to follow the instructions exactly as they are written. For best results, more than one treatment will be required so be sure to use the product as often as directed to achieve the improvement you desire.

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home

Feb 16 2010

Be Gentle To Your Skin

Sometimes we do things a certain way just because “that’s the way we’ve always done it”. This is true even in our skin care routines sometimes. You may try a new product here and there if you think it will make a big difference but ultimately, you don’t change the basics like how you wash your face. If you are someone who uses a washcloth on your face while cleansing, this information is for you.

You may be using a mild facial cleanser but using a washcloth on your face is not gentle at all. In fact, you may be doing more harm than good. The problem is that most people who use a washcloth tend to scrub too vigorously which can damage the skin. And while the skin does need to be exfoliated to remove dead skin cells, there is something better to do the trick.

A Smooth Skin Shammy is a great choice to cleanse and remove dead skin cells while still being completely gentle to your sensitive facial skin. This 9”x9” cloth has a soft spongy texture that can be used on even the most sensitive skin – even those who suffer from Rosacea. The Smooth Skin Shammy is so gentle it can even be used to remove makeup from the eye area. Unlike harsh washcloths, it won’t pull and tug at this ultra delicate skin which can cause under eye wrinkles.    

The Smooth Skin Shammy is extremely durable and will give you several years of use for just $8.00. Making this important change to your daily skin care routine will help you to care for your skin properly by removing dead skin cells from the surface and pores while avoiding all the problems associated with using a washcloth.

Feb 11 2010

Pimple Extractor

Pimples, blackheads and whiteheads occur when pores become obstructed with a combination of dirt, oil and dead skin cells.  Many people find it difficult to resist the temptation to pick at or squeeze pimples.  It’s important to avoid doing so – picking and squeezing can easily spread bacteria around the face, creating more pore obstructions – and even worse, it can actually cause permanent scarring on your skin.

A safe and effective tool to remove blackheads and pimples is a Double Loop Extractor.  This tool, preferred by dermatologists and skin care professionals, features two different loop sizes for small or large blackheads and pimples.  Skin Rx’s Wire Extractor is recommended for blackhead removal.  Both extractors are German-made stainless steel instruments and are the finest tools available for at-home extraction.

To use, start with a clean face.  The extractor tool will remove pimples more effectively if you steam your face or use a hot water compress prior to use – the heat will soften blemishes and make removal much easier.  To begin the extraction process, lay the preferred side of the extractor tool on top of the blemish, encircling the area with the loop – when using the Double Loop Extractor, apply the small loop for whiteheads and the flat side for blackheads.  Lightly apply slow and even pressure until the trapped matter is forced out.  If the blackhead or pimple does not release easily, do not continue to attempt the extraction – applying too much pressure can cause irritation, infection and scarring. When you’ve completed the extraction process, be sure to disinfect the area.  The Double Loop Extractor and the Wire Extractor are not recommended for deep, cystic acne.

The Skin Rx Double Loop Extractor is also available as part of our Extractor Kit #1, which also includes anti-bacterial wipes, lancets, and 15% Glycolic Smoothing Gel.  Our Extractor Kit #2 features the Wire Extractor.
Click here to see our full line of  blackhead solutions

Jan 18 2010

Caring for Skin During the Winter

The winter months mean cooler temperatures, drier air, and, of course, loss of moisture in your skin.  When the outdoor temperature starts to drop, you may notice your skin becoming dry, even itchy or irritated.  Indoor heating systems further aggravate the problem by robbing the air of its moisture – moisture that your skin craves!  As soon as you feel that first chill in the air, it’s time to transform your skin care and moisturizing routine to make sure your skin stays healthy, soft and supple.  Try these products for dry skin to help guard against the elements.

Before you begin your new winter skin care regimen, prepare to receive new moisture with a Microdermabrasion Peel.  Microdermabrasion clears away dead skin cells, allowing moisturizers to better penetrate dry, damaged skin.  Skin Rx’s formula is enriched with natural hydrators, vitamins A, C, E, and other antioxidants.

Once you’ve cleared away old skin cells, choose a gentle facial cleanser that won’t strip away natural moisture.  Arnica Facial Wash is a mild foaming cleanser, specially formulated for very dry and highly sensitive skin.  Arnica, a plant species of the sunflower family, has a natural anti-inflammatory effect on the skin, helping to soothe skin cells damaged by the cold.  This facial wash, which contains no oil, perfumes, fragrance, dyes or alcohols, provides full cleansing with the mildness your sensitive winter skin needs.

Next, you’ll need to make sure your skin receives additional moisture.  Skin Rx’s Liquid Silk can be used either under or over moisturizer for added softness and protection against drying.  This paraben-free serum is made up of plant extract oils and phospholipids, helping you achieve a silky-smooth complexion while nourishing your skin!

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home

You’ll also want to guard against dry indoor heat by switching to a rich daily moisturizerHerbal Moisture Creme offers intense hydration and is very well-suited to dry skin.  Its non-greasy formula will keep your face feeling fresh with a host of natural ingredients, including whole aloe, ceramides, hyaluronic acid (maximum water hydrator), echinacea, cornflower, soy, meadowfoam oil, squalane oil, and vitamins A, C, and E.

Winter might have you spending more time indoors, but you still need to apply sunscreen on a daily basis!  Your daily sunscreen should feature a minimum SPF of 15, and winter sports enthusiasts will want to choose a higher SPF.  Advanced Protection SPF 30 SunBlock provides protection with a lightweight, non-greasy, fragrance-free formula.  Green Tea, vitamins A, C, and E, and plant extracts offer an anti-aging boost.  Remember to guard your lips as well – Skin Rx’s Vibran-C Lip Treatment with SPF 15 soothes dry and chapped lips while shielding against sun damage!

Now that you’ve prepared your skin for harsh winter temperatures, should you make any changes to your makeup routine?  In trying out different makeup products, many women find that mineral makeup is more appropriate for sensitive winter skin than traditional makeup formulas.  Skin Rx offers a full range of different mineral makeup products, including base, powder, concealer, blush, highlighter, eye shadow, eye liner, mascara, lipstick, lip gloss and more.  Our 6-Piece Starter Kit includes Mineral Base, Porcelain Finishing Powder, Glow (highlighter), Touch of Sun (bronzer), a flocked sponge, and your choice of kabuki brush or dome brush.

Lastly, don’t forget the basics!  If you live in a very dry climate, a humidifier can help reintroduce moisture into the air.  Make sure to drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated.  Get enough sleep (your skin will love you for it).  And even though you might crave a hot shower on a chilly morning, choose lukewarm water instead – hot water can actually draw moisture out of your skin!

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