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Category: Uneven Skin Color

May 29 2011

Kojic Acid and Skin Lightening

Since its discovery by the Japanese twenty years ago, kojic acid products have taken the skin care industry by storm. It’s an alternative that’s natural yet still very effective.

This mushroom extract is an extremely popular skin lightening treatment. Many use it for overall skin whitening for pigmentation problems, including as an age spot and freckle remover. Today it is used in a wide array of products, including kojic acid lotion, cream, and soap.

But before we discuss the products, you should first learn a little bit about the history of this ingredient. Kojic acid comes from a type of fungi (mushrooms) and can be harvested from numerous species. It can also be derived from plant sources too, such as the case during rice fermentation. Originally discovered in Japan in the 1990′s, It has many uses, so many that it not only doubles as an ingredient in beauty products, but it is also used in Japanese cuisine. Many people use this product for skin bleaching of freckles, treatment for age spots, or a skin disorder called melasma. Dealing with various types of problems can have an effect on a person’s self esteem so it is no surprise that people do whatever they can to find ways to diminish or cure these flaws.

Is it safe?
There have been many claims in regards to this compound being a safe product to use on the skin. It has been said that although it does not appear to have carcinogens, which are known to cause cancer, it does seem to have an adverse effect on a number of peoples skin who had used it regularly and for an extended period of time; skin sensitivity, which can ultimately lead to a skin condition called allergic contact dermatitis. In order to counter this side effect, researchers found that by adding another ingredient called hydroquinone helps.

How is it used?
Kojic acid products are most often applied to the skin topically, in the form of a cream, lotion, or serum. The usual recommended dosage of kojic acid is relatively small. Of course, one must also take into consideration how this skin lightening treatment will react with their individual body. Those who experience sensitivity may need to apply it less frequently and re-evaluate their usage.

Our Unique, highly effective formula is light weight, oil free, non-greasy and for any skin type. Contains 3% Kojic Acid, 2% Hydroquinone, and Glycolic acid. Whether you have dark spots, dark shading, or discolorations on your face, body, hands, or arms from sun damage, old acne, or use of medications. Skin Rx Skin Lightening Gel is a highly effective solution that will eliminate the skin discolorations that are so difficult to get rid of!

Active Ingredient: Hydroquinone<br />Ingredients: Deionized Water, SD Alcohol 40, Propylene Glycol, Kojic Acid, Hydroquinone, Hydroxyethylcellulose

Sep 09 2010

QUESTION: I would like to ask some questions about your products and possible get some recommendations from you about my skin concerns. I’m 30 years old and when I got pregnant I got melasma on my face. With the birth of my child, melasma went away. Just this year I noticed some brown discoloration on my forehead, and yes, melasma is back. I also have blotchy, uneven skin tone, an occasional breakouts, large pores, combination skin type, ect. I heard about glycolic acid peel from my sister in law (she is using it at home for melasma that she has, and also other skin concerns as well). I did try it at her house once, and I must say I loved the way my skin felt the next day. I didn’t have any reaction to it (it was 30% glycolic skin peel). I was wondering if you can recommend some of your products that I can use to improve the overall condition of my skin. Thank you so much!

It seems you have a couple different issues you would like to address so let start with the Melasma. I first want to say this is an extremely difficult skin condition to treat…I am sure you know this already but you must be willing to commit to a regimen first and foremost. You mentioned you tried the 30% Glycolic peel with some success, and I am sure you did love the way your skin felt the next day, Glycolic Acid is formulated to refine, resurface and retexturize the skin as well as assist in cell turnover which is why your skin felt so nice after the peel. It was free and clear of dead cell build up and as a result the texture was even and smooth opposed to uneven and ruff. But to address the discoloration Lactic Acid is actually your best course of action. Lactic Acid is formulated to reduce the production of melanin which is what is causing the dark discolorations. This is your most aggressive treatment option. We also have a Skin Lightening Kit that has proven very successful at treating discolorations of the skin. The kit includes Skin Rx Clinics specially formulated 2 in 1 Microdermabrasion Peel as well as our Skin Lightener which includes 3 different forms of lightening agents…Hydroquinone, Kojic Acid and Glycolic Acid. The kit also includes a physical sun protection with SPF 30 so the discolorations do not come back once you have lightened them. As far as the large pores, uneven skin tone and occasional breakouts the 15% Glycolic Smoothing Gel will be perfect for you! It is formulated to assist with all of your concerns and will help improve the Melasma as well. A good cleanser and moisturizer are essential also. The Glyco-Lactic Gel Cleanser and O2 Rejuvenating Crème would be the most beneficial for your skin type.

Sep 08 2010

QUESTION: Do you know of any products good for Keratosis Pilaris? I’ve had it for years and I can’t live with it anymore. I have serious discoloration and hard little bumps. Do you have any products that could assist me with that because I’ve tried everything under the sun! Thank for your response and I am so eager to treat this diseased skin of mine. Who do I speak with about this product? Thanks!

Hi, my name is Tara I name the Esthetician and Make-Up Artist here at Skin Rx Clinic. Any questions you may have you can contact me. I need a little more info about your Keratosis Pilaris…like where is it mostly (arms, face, etc) and is it mainly the little hard bumps or do you have red discoloration as well?? Once you get back to me with this information I can help better customize a regimen for you.

QUESTION:

I am African American so the bumps aren’t red, they’re actually dark brown but they get red if irritated. They are mostly on my back and arms, but they show up in different spots as well. Thanks for your help. I order the lightning kit and I hope it helps. I really appreciate you assisting me because other products didn’t. I’m also using Meladerma bleaching cream to help even my skin tone. Do you know anything about the product?

ANSWER:

I can only imagine you have tried everything!!! Without success! I won’t lie to you…this is an extremely hard skin problem to treat. That being said I am not telling you to give up and I do have suggestions for you. Your best option is The Microdermabrasion Peel; Its 2 in 1 formula might be just what you need. Glycolic Acid will help loosen up the skin and the Corundum Crystals buff away the skin the Glycolic Acid loosened. This allows the Glycolic acid to penetrate and help dissolve the bumps. This is what I would try first. You might also want to try Skin Rx Clinic’s Skin Lightener, it is designed to rebuild pigment and from how you described it, it sounds like you have damaged the melanin and it has turned a brownish color. If this is true the skin lightener will assist in restoring the color. I think we should first see if the Microdermabrasion Peel helps if so we should stick with that for a bit and see what results we can get from that product. If you are interested in both we do offer a Skin Lightening Kit that includes the Skin Lightener, Microdermabrasion Peel & Sun Protection. This is going to be a process…I just want you to be aware that this will not happen overnight but if you are committed I am happy to help!! Another benefit of the Microdermabrasion Peel is that it can be mixed with Skin Rx Clinic’s Glyco-Lactic Gel Cleanser and used as an everyday scrub…You mix one part Microdermabrasion Peel to 1 part Glyco-Lactic Gel Cleanser and apply like you would your body wash…this will prevent the area from becoming sensitive or irritated.

Mar 04 2010

QUESTION: Microdermabrasion vs Glycolic Peel

If you’re interested in rejuvenating your skin, you might be wondering about the differences between microdermabrasion and glycolic peels.  Both treatments will resurface and exfoliate the skin by removing the superficial outer layer.  However, microdermabrasion and glycolic peels involve a different means of attaining the desired results and are recommended for different skin types and conditions.

What is microdermabrasion?  This treatment involves spraying fine crystals onto the surface of the skin in order to remove the outermost dead skin cells.  Microdermabrasion aims to improve superficial skin imperfections. This includes age spots, fine lines, mild acne scars, sun damage, and fine wrinkling around the eyes, mild acne scars, age spots or sun spots, enlarged or visible pores, and fine lines.  Because microdermabrasion is a simple resurfacing of the top layer of the skin, it is not recommended for deep wrinkles, moderate to severe scars, or pigmentary problems.  Microdermabrasion treatment offers an added benefit in that it stimulates collagen and elastin production in the skin, creating a more vibrant appearance.

For clients in search of a simple skin-rejuvenating procedure with few side effects and minimal recovery time, microdermabrasion may be an ideal choice.  Because surface skin cells are removed during the treatment, there is no peeling afterwards, and recovery time is minimal.  However, clients with more prominent skin imperfections may wish to consider a glycolic peel.

A glycolic peel is a mild and effective skin peel that uses AHA (alpha-hydroxy acid).  The treatment involves applying a glycolic acid solution to the skin.  Glycolic acid breaks up the surface skin cells to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin, uncovering newer skin cells over time.  A glycolic peel will address deeper skin conditions, such as acne, sun damage and wrinkling.  Glycolic peels offer the advantage of penetrating into the pores to dissolve acne plugs, and glycolic acid is able to both draw out old skin and draw moisturizers into the skin.  Recovery time is generally minimal.

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home

How do the treatment processes differ?  Microdermabrasion is painless and relatively quick –a facial treatment usually lasts about 30 minutes.  Microdermabrasion does require several treatments to achieve the desired appearance – 10-12 treatments may be necessary, along with sessions every six to eight weeks to maintain results.  A glycolic peel usually takes 10-15 minutes for the peel itself, depending on the strength of the solution and the skin’s level of adaptation to the treatment.  A series of treatments is recommended for optimal results, and treatments are delivered three to four weeks apart.

Check out Skin Rx Clinic’s comprehensive offerings of glycolic peel options and microdermabrasion kits for home use.

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home
Jan 31 2010

Do At Home Peels Have Side Effects?

At home peels are a common and logical skin care choice for those who are looking to rejuvenate their complexion to achieve a smoother texture and younger appearance. A chemical home peel works to exfoliate and remove layers of dead skin cells for a more affordable price than going to a doctor’s office or a professional skin spa. If you have never tried a chemical skin peel at home before, you may be concerned about whether or not you will experience side effects and if so, what they are.

First of all, chemical peels with quality ingredients can be used at home to treat and improve sun damage, skin discolorations, acne and acne scars, fine lines and wrinkles. When used as directed, you will also see smoother, brighter appearance of the skin overall as you restore the healthy glow you once had. This is accomplished as the face peels remove outer layers of skin cells with chemical ingredients such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid. The acid face peels are very effective in revealing the underlying skin as the peel process works its magic.

chemical home skin peels at home

At home peels come in kits which contain the same active ingredients as professional chemical peels. The difference is usually either in pH or concentration. Chemical home peel products are made to be safe for the home user, even for a beginner who has never performed a chemical peel before. No medical assistance is required for at home peels. Common ingredients found in chemical home peel kits can include lactic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, resorcinol, and others.

At home peels are specifically formulated to have a lower risk of side effects to home users. For example, a professional chemical peel treatment can cause redness that lasts for weeks, but a chemical home peel recovery time takes just a few  hours or a couple of days at most. It is quite simple to perform a chemical home peel. Just follow the directions on the product packaging and in less than 15 minutes, the treatment is complete. While performing a “peel” may sound scary or intimidating, it is not literally a “peel” that you will notice after the treatment is complete. Instead, you will see your skin is exfoliated and sloughed off over a period of a few days.

If you are considering using a chemical home peel, just be sure to purchase products only with high quality ingredients. Pay attention to your skin’s reaction and if you find your skin is sensitive to a chemical peel treatment, try a lower strength and do not use it too often. Moisturize well after performing any at home peels and only use as directed for safety and best results. For high quality at home peels, try Skin Rx glycolic acid peels, salicylic acid peels, and lactic acid peels.

Jan 21 2010

Who Should Use Lactic Acid Peels?

When it comes to at home peels, it can be confusing when you are trying to decide which one to try. You have probably heard the good and the bad during your research including people who have had amazing results and some who have had some downright scary results. This is why alpha-hydroxy chemical home peel products are great, as they work on all skin types and deliver the results you expect. If you are considering lactic acid products, here are the basics and some information about who would benefit from the use of lactic peels.

chemical home skin peels at home

A lactic acid peel works by exfoliating and peeling the outer layer of skin to rejuvenate and stimulate new skin cell growth and to reveal the more beautiful skin underneath those dead skin cells. It is derived from milk sugars, so it is all-natural. The properties of lactic acid when compared to other alpha hydroxy acids are different in that the molecules are larger which causes a lactic acid skin peel to penetrate the skin more slowly. This means it is gentler on the skin but is still very effective for its intended uses.

Because lactic peels are proven effective, work on any skin type and are gentler to the skin than other chemical peel products, they are a good choice for:

  • The Beginner – someone who has never used at home peels before
  • Sensitive Skin – someone whose skin is easily irritated
  • Acne Prone Skin – someone whose skin breaks out with acne often and has acne scars
  • Mature or Dry Skin – someone who is over 35 or has very dry skin

Skin care experts recommend starting out with the lowest concentration possible, as in 30% lactic acid peels, and then increasing in strength once the skin is accustomed to undergoing at home peels. Skin Rx offers lactic acid facial peel products ranging from 30% lactic acid to 50% lactic acid for all levels of chemical home peel users.

Jan 15 2010

Do Lactic Acid Face Peels Work on Acne Scars?

People who have acne scars, whether mild or severe, are never fully happy with their appearance. These red blemishes are difficult to cover and never seem to fade very much on their own. With certain chemical peel treatments however, acne scars can either fade drastically or even disappear completely. It does take time and consistency to achieve great results but it is well worth the effort if you are unhappy with acne scars on your face.  One very common treatment for acne scars is lactic peels. This type of chemical peel is made with lactic acid, an Alpha-Hydroxy acid derived from milk and which also can be found naturally inside the human body.

Because of its natural occurrence in our bodies, lactic acid products tend to be safe even for very sensitive skin and do not often cause allergic reactions. As an added benefit to the skin, lactic acid is different from other chemical skin peel products due to its hydrating properties which allow the lactic acid facial peel to moisturize the skin. For people with dry skin and acne, this is a great choice. Lactic acid products have anti-aging benefits as well as they stimulate both collagen and elastin production.

chemical home skin peels at home

Now as far as acne scars, lactic acid is a good choice. Alpha-hydroxy acids like lactic acid are good for all skin types, so there is no concern about what skin type you have when choosing to control your acne and fade acne scars with lactic acid facial peels. Lactic acid peels are not deep peels and they work to exfoliate and peel off the top layer of the skin. This means that it will take more than one lactic peel to really see significant results in fading or eliminating acne scars. Skin care experts recommend doing six lactic acid peels spaced out every two weeks and then one lactic acid facial peel per month to control reoccurring acne.

With larger molecules than other AHA’s like glycolic acid, lactic acid slowly penetrates the skin which causes less of a burning sensation during the chemical peel. Lactic acid facial peels are proven effective in moisturizing the skin and in improving the tone and texture, even on mature skin. As with similar alpha-hydroxy chemical skin peel products, lactic acid peels are available in different strengths which can be increased for more dramatic results over time.

Jan 12 2010

What Type of Chemical Peel Should I Try?

Are you thinking about trying a chemical skin peel and wondering where to start?

There are many different kinds of home face peels.  One formula might be better suited for your skin than another – how do you know what to choose?  One important factor in the differences in home face peels is the pH level.

Your skin is made up of several different components, including water, protein, lipids, minerals and chemicals.  The protein in your skin is sensitive to the level of pH with which it comes in contact.  When the skin’s proteins react with an acid, they are broken down – and this is exactly what a chemical peel strives to do.  Existing skin tissues are destroyed, and new tissue grows to replace the old.

Products with a low pH feature a stronger acid.  This means that high pH products offer increased breaking down of old skin and growth of new skin tissues.  Conversely, products with a high pH contain a weaker acid, resulting in a more gentle reaction with existing skin and slower growth of new skin tissues.

If you’re trying a chemical peel for the first time, or if you have sensitive skin, you might want to start out by choosing a product with a higher pH.  Skin Rx’s 15% Glycolic Smoothing Gel features a pH of 3.  Even if your skin is sensitive, 15% Glycolic Smoothing Gel can be used several times a week as a peel – simply apply to clean, dry skin and remove after 5-10 minutes.  Those with less sensitive skin can leave it on for maximum results.

chemical home skin peels at home

If you’re ready for a stronger formula, try 30% Glycolic Acid.  With a lower pH (1.9), our 30% Glycolic Acid offers a professional strength peel.  Skin Rx’s formula features pharmaceutical grade quality and is made from natural fruit acids (alpha hydroxy acids).  Our Glycolic Acids are available in convenient kits, which include our Peel, Pre-Peel Prep, fan brush applicator, and dispensing dish, enclosed in a zippered bag for ease and convenience.

Jan 08 2010

Home Microdermabrasion vs. Professional Microdermabrasion Treatments

Microdermabrasion is a type of treatment for the skin in which tiny crystals are applied to the skin to remove the top layer by “sanding” or “polishing”. The microdermabrasion crystals work to remove the dead surface layer of skin cells to uncover a healthier layer of skin underneath. Personal microdermabrasion treatments work to stimulate the layers of skin underneath that dead outer layer to increase the production of elastin and collagen. This helps defy the aging process by providing a younger, healthier, and even firmer appearance.

Home microdermabrasion is becoming more and more popular due to its low cost and convenience in comparison to microdermabrasion treatments given by a dermatologist or other skin care professional. People who are looking to use a microdermabrasion kit tend to ask a lot of questions about the difference in results when it comes to home microdermabrasion vs. professional microdermabrasion treatments.

Professional Microdermabrasion results at home

Professional Microdermabrasion Treatments

Professional microdermabrasion treatments administered by a dermatologist or esthetician uses a special machine which sprays aluminum oxide crystals onto the skin. Only licensed professionals are allowed to use microdermabrasion machines. Professional microdermabrasion treatments are somewhat costly and usually at least ten treatments are recommended for dramatic improvement. Another form of professional microdermabrasion known as “Diamond Microdermabrasion” does not use crystals but instead a wand with a diamond tip is rubbed against the skin. With both types of professional microdermabrasion treatments, dead skin cells are removed and immediately sucked away with a vacuum tool.

Personal microdermabrasion kits systems are becoming a popular alternative to professional microdermabrasion treatments. Microdermabrasion kits are less expensive than professional treatments and are quite easy to perform on oneself. Though not as powerful as professional quality microdermabrasion machines, a home microdermabrasion kit will still produce professional quality results when used as directed. While many of the most popular skin care companies have introduced their own version of home microdermabrasion including Olay and Neutrogena, there are other brands which can produce a more spa like experience with professional results. Skin Rx offers a microdermabrasion kit, Microdermabrasion Peel Kit # 1, which contains a unique combination of microdermabrasion crystals and glycolic acid for a double peel effect to rejuvenate the skin giving professional results. A home microdermabrasion kit is easy to use. A microdermabrasion cream is applied to the face and with a special tool, it is massaged into the skin. Rinse, cleanse, and use a toner – and it’s done! It’s easy even for a beginner.

The major differences between professional microdermabrasion treatments and a home microdermabrasion kit comes down to cost and technology. You may see results more quickly with professional microdermabrasion treatments but they are much more expensive than home microdermabrasion. If you use your home microdermabrasion kit as directed, you will see significant results with continued use that are comparable to professional microdermabrasion treatments offered in a spa or dermatologist office.

Jan 08 2010

Lactic Acid Skin Peel

Lactic acid products contain Alpha Hydroxy Acids which are derived naturally from fruit. Alpha Hydroxy Acids are found in many different fruits including apples and grapes and are considered to be nontoxic because they are naturally occurring and are even found within the body after ingesting foods which contain them. Using a lactic acid skin peel gives a thorough skin exfoliation, and the treatments can remove the outer layers of skin to reveal softer, smoother, more refreshed skin underneath.  Many people use chemical home peel treatments such as lactic peels to achieve a smoother and healthier appearance. If used on a regular basis, lactic peels have been proven to be effective in removing age spots and brown spots, improving dry skin as well as oily & acne prone skin and in decreasing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Lactic acid products are specially formulated for sensitive skin. Lactic peels are a great choice if you have been hesitant to try at home peels as you are less likely to have an adverse reaction. A lactic acid skin peel provides all the benefits of a professional facial peel to rejuvenate the skin but it also provides intense moisture. If you choose lactic acid products as a component of your skin care regimen, you can expect healthier skin over time and a decrease in age spots, mild acne and fine lines.

Lactic acid skin peel products are offered in varying strengths from 20% to 70%. For an inexperienced chemical peel user, lactic peels with a lower strength are a better choice or for those with super sensitive skin. Many people wanting to try at home peels like to start out with the 30% strength lactic acid facial peel. Even at 30% strength, the lactic acid is still effective enough to stimulate collagen and increase the rate of skin cell turnover. When you become a more experienced user of at home peels, you can choose to increase up to the 40% lactic acid peel. Keep in mind that you should never use lactic peels which are too strong for your skin in hopes of getting more dramatic results. You can safely and gradually increase the strength of your lactic acid products as your skin requires it based on factors such as aging and sun damage.

When you become a chemical peel user to improve the health of your skin, remember that it is important to avoid sun exposure. Follow all of the instructions on your lactic acid products exactly as they are written to achieve the best results possible.

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